New Blood for New Hall

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County Clare folklore tells how a member of the O’Brien family living in a large house close to Killone Lake noticed supplies of wine in his cellar were being inexplicably depleted. Convinced there was a thief and determined to catch the culprit, one night he stayed up late and discovered the perpetrator was a mermaid who swam upstream to the house from the lake. Recovering from his surprise, he shot the creature and wounded her (in other versions a servant scalded her badly with a pot of boiling water). Bleeding profusely and screaming in pain, she fled back to her habitual abode, but not before delivering a curse: ‘As the mermaid goes on the sea/So shall the race of O’Briens pass away/Till they leave Killone in wild weeds.’ It was also said that every seven years the lake turned red, an evocation of the mermaid’s blood. This was among the legends collected and published over a century ago by Thomas Johnson Westropp who noted, ‘The lake, like the stream already noted at Caherminaun, turns red at times from iron scum and red clay after a dry summer. This is supposed to be caused by the local Undine’s blood, and to foretell a change of occupants in Newhall. Strange to say, I saw it happen last when the place was let by MacDonnells to the O’Briens. The cellar at Newhall has its outer section roofed with large slabs, and the inner consists of long, low, cross vaults. In the end of the innermost recess is a built-up square patch, which sound hollow, and is said to show the opening closed to keep out the thievish mermaid.’

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Around 1190 Domnall Mór O’Brien, King of Thomond, founded an Augustinian nunnery dedicated to St John the Baptist by the banks of Killone Lake. The house thereafter seems to have been under the care of successive members of the same family: in 1260 it was written that ‘Slaney, O’Brien’s daughter, abbesse of Kill Eoni, chiefs in devotion, almes-deedes and hospitality of all women in Munster, died. The King of Heaven be prosperous to her soule.’ Slaney was sister to Donchad Cairbrech, King of Thomond, founder of Ennis Friary. There are relatively few other references to the nunnery thereafter until it was dissolved in the 16th century and passed into ownership of the crown. A story from this period tells how Honora O’Brien had become a member of the religious community at Killone but then ran away with Sir Roger O’Shaughnessy of Gort, and by him had a son and daughter before receiving a papal dispensation for their marriage. Although the last nuns had gone before the end of the century, the site’s link with its founding family remained because by 1617 Killone and the surrounding land were in the possession of Dermod O’Brien, fifth Baron Inchiquin.

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Perhaps it took some time for the mermaid’s curse to be realised but finally in 1764 Charles MacDonnell bought the lands on which the ruins of Killone stood. Descended from the MacDonnells of Dunluce, County Antrim, one of his forebears had been deprived of land even before Sir Randal MacDonnell, head of this branch of the family, was attainted in 1691 for supporting James II. His brother Daniel MacDonnell, whose mother had been Mary O’Brien, a daughter of Sir Donough O’Brien, left Antrim and settled instead in Kilkee, County Clare where he was able to acquire property from a kinsman Connor O’Brien, second Viscount Clare. There he married another member of the O’Brien clan (the two families were to intermarry over the next several generations), this being Penelope daughter of Teige O’Brien of Dough. In the closing decades of the 17th century their son Captain James MacDonnell first supported the Jacobite side and then switched allegiance, and as a result of this change of loyalty held on to his estates. The forfeited properties of his cousin the third Viscount Clare were granted to the Dutch Williamite General Arnold Joost van Keppel, first Earl of Albemarle. Since he was not interested in County Clare, in 1698 Albemarle sold over 30,000 acres to a syndicate of local men including James MacDonnell who went on to buy additional land in the area. On his death in 1714 he was succeeded by his son Charles James who fourteen years later married Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher O’Brien of Ennistymon. Likewise in 1760 their only son Charles married Catherine O’Brien, third daughter of Sir Edward O’Brien of Dromoland. The MacDonnell house in Kilkee was destroyed by fire in 1762 and so two years later Charles MacDonnell, who would become a Member of Parliament first for Clare (1765) and then for the Borough of Ennis (1768), bought the Killone estate land from another cousin, Edward O’Brien of Ennistymon. This property included an existing long house known as New Hall.

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It appears that soon after acquiring New Hall, Charles MacDonnell enlarged the existing house by the addition of a block built at right angles to and extending further on either side of the old, so creating a T-shape. In the April-September 1967 Irish Georgian Society Bulletin, the Knight of Glin attributed the design of this extension to County Clare gentleman painter and architect Francis Bindon. ‘The facade,’ he wrote, ‘which fronts an older house, is built of beautiful pink brick like Carnelly [another Clare house believed to have been designed by Bindon], but it is composed with a central balustraded and urned octangular bow window incorporating a pedimented front door. On each side are two windows to a floor with single keystones, though the windows on the ground floor have been enlarged at a later date. Surmounting the second floor windows are labelled panels in brick. At either end of the house are bow windows and the whole house with its massive cornice and roof makes a highly effective and well conceived arrangement.
The front door leads into an elongated octagonal hall with a heavy Doric frieze, the metopes composed of delicious grinning masks, bukrania and the MacDonnell crest. The climax, and main feature of this hall, is a magnificent concave sided organ case that takes up the end of the room. It is actually only a cupboard. To the left and right of the hall lie the dining-room and drawing-room, the latter having elaborate plasterwork, festoons and frames probably executed by the same craftsman as the drawing-room at Carnelly…’

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For almost fifty years the Knight of Glin’s crediting Bindon with the design of New Hall’s front section has been accepted. Should this continue to be the case? In the absence of documents all attributions to Bindon must be speculative. However, New Hall lacks those external features judged most typically Bindon-esque and found in other buildings deemed to be from his hand such as Woodstock (see Of Wonderous Beauty did the Vision Seem, May 13th 2013), Bessborough (see In the Borough of Bess and Back to Bessborough, November 25th and December 2nd 2013) and John’s Square, Limerick (see When New Becomes Old, March 24th last). What might almost be considered the architect’s tics, not least the facade having a central curved niche on the first floor and a blind oculus on the second, are not found at New Hall. Instead the house presents such striking elements as raised brick panels, like arched eyebrows, above the first floor windows, and full-length bows at either end of the structure.
There is much about the entire building which remains a tantalising mystery. The original house (behind the brick extension) can be seen above in a photograph taken from the far side of the stable yard. Built of rubble and then rendered (before being given a pink wash to blend better with the addition’s brick), one suspects it was a typical 17th century long house that terminated at the cut-stone quoins; the attic dormer windows must be a relatively recent intervention since they do not appear in old photographs. Taking advantage of the view down to Killone Lake, the front part of the house was duly added by the first MacDonnells to live here in the mid-1760s. Then at a later date a further addition was made to the rear of the building, its fenestration markedly different from that of the other back section. Perhaps it was at this time also that the windows on the ground floor of the facade were lowered to increase light into the main rooms. And surely the stone balustrade and urns that top the central canted bow were incorporated at a later date?
New Hall’s interior similarly throws up many unresolved questions, the most obvious being when and why a large ‘organ’ was constructed between the two doors at the far end of the octagonal entrance hall. Its design bears similarities to the instrument designed by Lord Gerald FitzGerald in 1857 and installed in the former dining room at Carton, County Kildare. However, unlike that intervention the New Hall organ is simply a storage cupboard, one that overwhelms the space and detracts attention from the fine cornice plasterwork. For the present, and unless fresh information turns up this house’s architectural history must remain the subject of speculation.

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The Charles MacDonnell responsible for buying the New Hall, formerly Killone, estate died in 1773 and was succeeded by his son, likewise called Charles and an MP, both in the Irish Parliament and, after the Act of Union, briefly sitting in that at Westminster. He was also a soldier who fought with Lord Rawdon during the American Revolutionary War. He had two sons, neither of whom appear to have produced heirs and thus following the death of John MacDonnell in 1850, the estate passed to the latter’s nephew, William Edward Armstrong, whose father William Henry Armstrong, who lived at Mount Heaton, King’s County (now Offaly), had married Bridget MacDonnell. William Edward assumed by Royal Licence the surname and arms of MacDonnell and was, in turn, succeeded by his son, Charles Randal MacDonnell. At this date, the estate amounted to some 6,670 acres in County Clare but in 1912 3,485 acres of tenanted and 256 acres of untenanted land was sold to the Congested Districts’ Board in October 1912 for more than £26,000. Within a decade the family had gone altogether and New Hall passed into the ownership of the Joyce family, originally from neighbouring County Galway. Following the death of Patrick Francis Joyce three years ago, the house has been offered for sale and seeks a fresh owner. This is without question a fascinating building, full of mystery about its origins and evolution and meriting the utmost care as a rare example of 18th century regional architecture in the west of Ireland. New blood for New Hall: whence will it come?

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26 comments on “New Blood for New Hall

  1. James McCormick says:

    Wonderful research Robert. It’s interesting to note that some of those controversial Dromoland portraits were painted for New Hall for an O’Brien wife of McDonnell. They were then bequeathed to the Dromoland O’Briens on her death.

    • Thank you James. Yes, there were four portraits once in New Hall that subsequently passed into the ownership of the O’Briens of Dromoland including, if I am not mistaken, a painting attributed to Lely (or was it Kneller?) and believed to represent Queen Anne…

      • Michael Harrington says:

        Robert,

        A very detailed historical account of the house requiring additional readings fit for a better hour of the day. Like you, and those enthusiastic readers, I have a passion for the restoration and preservation of historical buildings. This house in itself, without its rich and mysterious history, has captured my heart. I share in your understanding of how this beautiful mansion needs new blood to revitalize it.
        The Newhall House is one of two properties my fiancée and I are looking to purchase as our primary residence though with an unconventional intent to revitalize it and extend it openly beyond us. If we do purchase the house I would like to reach out to in much greater detail about the house for restoration and other purposes, however at the present moment I would greatly appreciate any additional pictures of the house both interior and exterior as will as other buildings on the property to gain a better understanding of the condition. Any information will be greatly appreciated. Thank you.

        Sincerely,

        Michael Harrington

      • Thank you for getting in touch with me regarding New Hall. I have been travelling in recent days and am only now home, catching up on backlog: if you could contact me again, ideally early next week, I will try to put something together for you then (I will need to be reminded…)

      • Michael Harrington says:

        Robert,

        Thank you very much for replying and I will surely reach out to you again next week.

  2. David Hicks says:

    Such a beautiful house, how I wish I had a sizeable bank account to buy and restore it.

    • Thank you David. Keep writing – maybe your next book will be a best-seller…

      • David O'Grady. says:

        Robert, wonderfully informative piece on New Hall. Thank you.Do you know if the Mount Heaton in Co. Offaly you mention, where Armstrong family lived, is the Mount Heaton that in 1879 became what is now the Cistercian monastery outside Roscrea? Because the Roscrea Mount Heaton (also in Co. Offaly)was owned, as far as I know, by Count Arthur Moore.

      • Dear David,
        Yes it is the same Mount Heaton, lost by the Armstrongs after the last member of the family to live there squandered away his money. The property was only briefly owned by Count Arthur Moore (of Mooresfort, County Tipperary) because he bought it to give to the Cistercians; the original house, now much altered, serves/served as the abbey guest house…

  3. Wonderful research and detective work Robert, and a super read. Like one (if not secretly all) of the above readers, I also wish I’d the money to buy and restore this marvelous house. Although If i did, I’d would probably then also design some sort of pageant and ritual offering, designed to appease the wounded mermaid. You seem confident her curse is now lifted but, given the emptiness and current condition of the house, it might not hurt to err on the side of caution! One would hate to be the next former occupant of such a fine home, (albeit on such a storied and distinguished list).
    In the meanwhile, I shall share this piece via my (Dublin Decoded) Facebook page, if i may. I have one or two contemporary O’Brien friends, who’ll be intrigued to read it.

    • Thank you Arran for your interest and kind words. Do please share with your readers of Dublin Decoded: the more people who know of the house, the better its chances of survival into the future – and of finding a happy new owner…

      • Thanks Robert. T’is done. One never knows how many people actually read things properly these days of course, but there seem to be just shy of 2000 people who visit that Fb page, albeit occasionally, so who knows? Lets hope the house finds a new and deserving owner.

  4. John Rodgers says:

    I hope someone takes on the restoration, but it seems very much an 11th hour undertaking as this house must have been vacant for some time and in need of care for a lot longer. The older long house wing in particular looks to be in quite poor condition.

    I like the plasterwork and cornice in the Dining Room with what looks like an original (Killkenny marble?) chimney piece. (I wonder why do many old Dining Rooms have two doors?)

    The Drawing Room chimney piece looks Victorian. Very atmospheric with what look like cobwebs in your photographs.

    I agree that the hall organ-closet is bizarre and distracting in such a distinguished room. I was also impressed by how many balusters there were per thread on the stairs and, of course, the (Carolingian style?) door architraves.

    Maybe it is the high vegetation surrounding the house, but I did find the lowness of the ground floor windows odd on a mid-18th century house.

    Wonderful posting as always.

  5. Shannon says:

    The more I learn about this house, the more I want it! It caught my attention being for sale, all I can do is pray my lottery numbers come in. I would definitely restore it! Any other stories involved with this estate beside the mermaid?

  6. Kevin farry says:

    As owner of newhall can y call me on 0864106845

  7. Patrick Heaton-Armstrong says:

    I’m Patrick Heaton-Armstrong and I have a portrait of Bridget Bayly – she was my great great great grandmother.

  8. Many thanks, I have sent you an email.

  9. Gerry O Sullivan says:

    Beautiful house . The lake brings back many happy memories, still used and enjoyed by me and my Irish water spaniels.

  10. martin says:

    Wonderful research of its past ownership but we know little of its social history. I do know there was a lot of local agitation and there was a verse or poem made and it was titled “Macdonald the Tyrant of Newhall”. This it seems was connected with the reducing of the burial ground which I believe spanned considerably outside the present walled one. It seems that locals rushed to preserve their burial plots and it would seem many were unsuccessful as power at that time rested with the rich. Stories told of them fertilizing their land with the remains of the dead. While it is now gated the crypt underneath the church it also also created a lot of tension as the remains of the previous religious interred were dug up and it became a burial place for the MacDonald’s with their coat of arms being displayed above the crypt.

  11. Eva O Cathaoir says:

    Interesting essay and the photos, very atmospheric, nearly made me weep at the decay of such beauty. I used to visit neighbouring Buncraggy in my youth and heard the story of the mermaid of New Hall.

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