The popularity of the gothic style for domestic buildings in early 19th century Ireland owed something to a desire among landed families to suggest longer residence here than was often actually the case. The Levinges, for example, only came to this country in the aftermath of the Williamite Wars when the Derbyshire-born lawyer William Levinge was appointed Irish Solicitor-General and Speaker of the House of Commons; he later became Attorney-General and Lord Chief Justice. As a reward for his services, in 1704 he received a baronetcy and duly became Sir Richard Levinge of High Park in the County of Westmeath.
Today the property is known as Knockdrin, built close to a late mediaeval castle once belonging to the Tuite family; it was their lands that Sir Richard acquired and on which he built a new house. However by the early 19th century this had fallen into disrepair and so the sixth baronet, also called Sir Richard Levinge, embarked on a rebuilding programme that would give him a splendid gothic castle and all the links with an ancient past this implied.
It is not known for certain who was responsible for the design of Knockdrin Castle. Sir Richard Morrison produced a design for the entrance front but while elements of this were incorporated into the eventual building it cannot be attributed to him. Instead Knockdrin is assigned to James Shiel, believed to have trained in the office of Francis Johnston an architect who created some of the finest gothic revival castles in Ireland, not least Charleville, County Offaly. Like Charleville, Knockdrin’s late-mediaeval trappings are lightly worn: this is essentially a Georgian country house in fancy dress. The entrance front presents a degree of asymmetry, primarily thanks to a long castellated curtain wall leading to a two-storey gatehouse providing access to the service courtyard. But the battlemented main block, of rubble limestone with dressed window surrounds and featuring a wide fanlit doorway flanked by square towers, has only superficial quirks, such as a slim turret on the south corner. And notice how standard rectangular sash windows are used on the upper storeys.
A similarly familiar sense of order can be found inside where once more the usual forms are followed, albeit decked out in gothic flummery. As in so many Irish houses the rear of the entrance hall has a screen but in this instance it is composed of three pointed arches supported on slender cluster-shafted columns. Doors to either side open onto the library and dining room (the latter now regrettably divided in two). But another door provides access to Knockdrin’s most striking feature: a top-lit staircase with the stairs (like the doors throughout the building) made of carved oak. The elaborate first floor is decorated with a gallery of fluted shafts and sequence of ogee-headed niches around the walls. Abundant light provided by a central glazed dome helps to create a fluid, elegant space possessing none of the heaviness customarily associated with the Gothic Revival movement. On the other hand, despite high ceilings emblazoned with plasterwork of Tudor roses and the like, the enfilade of ground floor reception rooms – ballroom, drawing room, library – is less distinguished, although a line of full-length, south-facing windows means that like the staircase hall they are exceptionally bright.
Knockdrin remained in the possession of the Levinge family until the last century. Within weeks of the outbreak of the First World War the tenth baronet, another Sir Richard Levinge, was dead after being hit in the neck by a bullet as he walked along a trench at Ypres. His widow and only son moved to England and the house was let to various tenants; at one point it served as a school and in the early 1940s was occupied by members of the Irish army who inevitably inflicted a certain amount of damage on the building. Finally in 1943, the greater part of the estate having already been broken up by the Land Commission, the castle and surrounding land was sold by the Levinges, thereby ending a link of almost 250 years. The present owners bought the place in 1961 and have cared for it ever since. One should not try to make exaggerated claims for Knockdrin. It is certainly not a house of the first importance, but can be considered noteworthy as an example of the transition from classicism to gothic, when the latter was still a style and not yet an ideology and the former’s principles survive beneath a veneer of ornamentation. Below is a portrait of Sir Richard, the sixth baronet who commissioned the house. The picture was painted by the minor English artist Thomas Shew in 1828 and includes a view of Knockdrin, presumably imaginary since Shew never came to Ireland.
fascinating house – love the Gothic plasterwork. amazing that it is still intact.
Still intact except for the original dining room which at some date was split in two but could probably be reinstated as a single space without too much difficulty.
HOLY I WANT DIS
Yes indeed, that’s just the mot juste for it.
Well done to the current owners. It is magnificent. Is it ever open to the public, I would love to see it.
The house is not open to the public in the general run if things, but it is wonderful that such a property with its pretty plasterwork has survived intact. Thank you for your interest, and your enthusiasm.
You present an Ireland that is lost amongst the “Shamrock Shakes,” U-2 and green beer Hiberniana! Thank you for your superb postings.
And thank you in turn for your kind comment, greatly appreciated.
What a marvelous place of pilgrimage aesthetic not sectarian! The library cum sitting room is especially worthy- subtle,personal style and witty soft furnishings!
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Delighted you have enjoyed the opportunity to see something of this special house.
we were privileged “see round” knockdrin a couple of days ago, so can really appreciate your wonderful pictures which really capture the essence of the house. The owners have certainly done a wonderful job of preserving this beautiful house, which is filled with light even on a dismal day.
I am another who was one of those lucky people to see Knockdrin and what an experience. It is a truly beautiful house and kept in such good repair. No mean feat!
Thank you for getting in touch.
Yes, Knockdrin is fine, and kept in decent condition too, which is such a blessing. Long may this remain the case…
Today with my grand daughter I drove into to see Knockdrin Castle. I worked there 50 years ago as secretary to the von Prondzynski family. Just this evening I wanted to know the history of the castle and was thrilled to see the inside of it and all your fantastic photographs. I remember it so well. Their cook was Frau Hunka, a polish lady. Thanks for the memories.
Thank you for getting in touch; I am so pleased that the text and pictures of Knockdrin evoked such happy memories for you.
Thank you writing about all these strcutures. I find them absolutely fascinating. I saw the castle from a distance and it was majestic.
I found a reference to this castle from a stone memorial on the side of the road, while on a walk in India. Apparently the 8th Baronet, Sir Vere Henry Levinge, was a district collector of Madurai and was instruemental in developing the lake and surroundings of the Kodiakanal hillstation near Madurai. There are atleast two towns called ‘Levengipuram’ in TamilNadu, India but not many people living there might know that they were named after 19th century collector from Westmeath.
Gosh that’s awfully interesting; thank you so much for sharing the information.